Jatkarma Sanskar is a ritual done immediately after a male child is born. According to Jatkarma Sanskar, it is a celebration of child born and his bonding with his father. Father has to welcome the child by touching the lips of baby with honey and ghee. Reciting Vedic Hymns is also very auspicious with this Jatkarman Sanskar. The main objective of these actions is to inculcate some values in the child even while he is ignorant about their importance.
The child lives in a different environment in the mother’s womb. It does not take food from the mouth and breathe through the nose. Its food is carried through the umbilical cord. The child is inside a pouch during pregnancy, which is filled with water. The child’s mouth and eyes are closed with phlegmatic substance to avoid the entry of water in the mouth and eyes. After taking birth, its mouth and nose have to be cleaned. The child looses the physical attachment with the mother and hence its mouth, ears, nose and lungs have to be cleaned to facilitate the child drink mother’s milk and breathe properly. When the child is inside the watery pouch then a type of oily pack covers the body so the watery pouch does not harm the skin in any way. After coming out of the pouch, the child is bathed to remove the oily pack from the body. All the necessary actions have to be performed after the birth of the child in order to arouse its five sensory organs. The main objective of birth ceremony is to arouse all the sensory organs. Sushrut has advised to place a little amount of ghee on the child’s tongue. Applying ghee or oil on the child’s head protects it from cold and catarrh.